Prediction of Peak Velocity of Blasting Vibration Based on Artificial Neural Network Optimized by Dimensionality Reduction of FA-MIV

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Abstract

Blasting vibration is harmful to the nearby habitants and dwellings in diverse geotechnical engineering. In this paper, a novel scheme based on Artificial Neural Network (ANN) method optimized by dimensionality reduction of Factor Analysis and Mean Impact Value (FA-MIV) is proposed to predict peak particle velocity (PPV) of blasting vibration. To construct the model, nine parameters of field measurement are taken as undetermined input parameters for research, while peak particle velocity (PPV) is considered as output parameter. With the application of FA, common factors are extracted from undetermined input parameters. Then, principal components are defined as a linear combination of common factors. The weight of each principal components effected on output parameter is ranked according to the calculation of MIV, and two principal components with minimum weight are eliminated. Ultimately, output parameter (PPV) is explained in a low-dimensional space with four input characteristic parameters. In the prepared database consisting of 108 datasets, 98 datasets are used for the training of the model, while the rest are used for testing performance. The performances of the ANN models are compared with regression analysis, in terms of coefficient of determination (R2) and mean absolute error (MAE). It is found that the performances of ANN models with using FA-MIV are superior to those of models without using FA-MIV in the prediction of PPV. In addition, the abilities of ANN models are all superior to regression analysis in the prediction of PPV. The result obtained from ELM is more accurate than BPNN and MVRA models.

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Zhongya, Z., & Xiaoguang, J. (2018). Prediction of Peak Velocity of Blasting Vibration Based on Artificial Neural Network Optimized by Dimensionality Reduction of FA-MIV. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8473547

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