Non-covalent associates of siRNAs and AuNPs enveloped with lipid layer and doped with amphiphilic peptide for efficient siRNA delivery

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Abstract

Elaboration of non-viral vehicles for delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids, in particular siRNA, into a cell is an actively growing field. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) occupy a noticeable place in these studies, and various nanoconstructions containing AuNPs are reported. We aimed our work to the rational design of AuNPs-based siRNA delivery vehicle with enhanced transfection efficiency. We optimized the obtaining of non-covalent siRNAs-AuNPs cores: ionic strength, temperature and reaction time were determined. Formation of cores was confirmed using gel electrophoresis. Stable associates were prepared, and then enveloped into a lipid layer composed of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and novel pH-sensitive lipidoid. The constructions were modified with [Str-(RL)4G-NH2] peptide (the resulting construction). All intermediate and resulting nanoconstructions were analyzed by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) to control their physico-chemical properties. To examine the biological effect of the delivery vehicle, green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing human embryonic kidney (HEK) Phoenix cells were incubated with the resulting construction containing anti-GFP siRNA, with the siRNA effect being studied by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Transfection of the cells with the resulting construction reduced the GFP fluorescence as efficiently as Lipofectamin 3000. Thus, siRNA vehicle based on non-covalently bound siRNA-AuNP core and enveloped into a lipid layer provides efficient delivery of siRNA into a cell followed by specific gene silencing.

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Poletaeva, J., Dovydenko, I., Epanchintseva, A., Korchagina, K., Pyshnyi, D., Apartsin, E., … Pyshnaya, I. (2018). Non-covalent associates of siRNAs and AuNPs enveloped with lipid layer and doped with amphiphilic peptide for efficient siRNA delivery. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19072096

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