This review discusses advances in understanding how the controlled delivery of cholesterol between subcellular compartments is achieved and what novel experimental strategies are being employed to address this fundamental question. Recent work has focused on cholesterol-binding proteins that can facilitate directional cholesterol transfer between contacts of the ER and Golgi or late endosomal membranes. Increasing structural information on cholesterol-binding proteins, new modules engineered from them as well as improved imaging and gene editing techniques are providing valuable insights. There is also mounting information on how the crosstalk between cholesterol transport and nutrient signaling is orchestrated and how cellular fatty acid metabolism and cholesterol homeostasis are intertwined.
Ikonen, E. (2018, August 1). Mechanisms of cellular cholesterol compartmentalization: recent insights. Current Opinion in Cell Biology. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceb.2018.06.002