We describe here that DE1-adenovirus vectors (AV) expressing a p27-p16 fusion molecule, termed W9, induce tumor cell apoptosis when overexpressed in a wide range of tumor cell types. However, in primary human cells derived from a variety of normal tissues, AV-W9 induced minimal apoptosis. In tumor cells AV-W9 demonstrated 5-to 50-fold greater tumoricidal activity than either of the parental molecules p16 and p27. In these studies, AV-W9 elicited apoptosis independent of the p53 and Rb status of the tumor cells. In several murine tumor models AV-W9 demonstrated p53-independent antitumor activity. It completely prevented tumor formation in two ex vivo models, whereas the parental molecules resulted in partial protection. Furthermore, AV-W9 induced tumor regression or suppressed tumor growth when introduced intratumorally into preestablished tumors in mice. This effect may be mediated through tumor cell apoptosis or antiangiogenic activity of AV-W9. Thus, this novel chimeric molecule is more potent and capable of killing a broader spectrum of tumors than the parental p16 and p27 molecules independent of the tumor cell p53 and phenotype and represents a powerful new therapeutic agent for cancer gene therapy.
Patel, S. D., Tran, A. C., Ge, Y., Moskalenko, M., Tsui, L., Banik, G., … McArthur, J. G. (2000). The p53-independent tumoricidal activity of an adenoviral vector encoding a p27-p16 fusion tumor suppressor gene. Molecular Therapy, 2(2), 161–169. https://doi.org/10.1006/mthe.2000.0106