Japanese Encephalitis: A Brief Review on Indian Perspectives

  • Kulkarni R
  • Sapkal G
  • Kaushal H
  • et al.
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Abstract

Introduction Japanese encephalitis (JE) is recently declared as a notifiable disease in India due to its expanding geographical distribution. The disease notification facilitates effective implementation of preventive measures and case management. Expalantion JE is a vector-borne disease that can be prevented by vaccine administration. It is caused by Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), belonging to family Flaviviridae. Amongst the known etiological viral encephalitis agents, it is one of the leading viral agents of acute encephalitis syndrome in many Asian countries where it is identified to cause substantial morbidity and mortality as well as disability. Globally, it is responsible for approximately 68,000 clinical cases every year. Conclusion In the absence of antivirals, patients are given supportive treatment to relieve and stabilize. Amongst available control strategies; vector control is resource intensive while animal and human vaccination are the most effective tool against the disease. This review highlights recent progress focusing challenges with diagnosis and prophylactic interventions.

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APA

Kulkarni, R., Sapkal, G. N., Kaushal, H., & Mourya, D. T. (2018). Japanese Encephalitis: A Brief Review on Indian Perspectives. The Open Virology Journal, 12(1), 121–130. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874357901812010121

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