Avaliação hemostática de cães associada com a carga parasitária hepática de Leishmania infantum chagasi

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Abstract

Leishmania infantum chagasi liver parasite load was compared to hemostatic abnormalities, as well as to clinical, laboratorial, and histopathological findings in dogs with visceral leishmaniasis. The liver parasite load of 30 dogs L. infantum chagasi naturally-infected was evaluated by quantitative real- time PCR and the results were compared with serum biochemistry and primary and secondary hemostasis findings. Moreover, hepatic histological lesions were described in these dogs. Prolonged bleeding time, prothrombin time (PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), were observed in the group with visceral leishmaniasis. Eleven dogs presented inflammatory liver lesions, with predominance of mild multifocal mononuclear periportal hepatitis. No association between the presence of parasites and abnormalities in screening tests was observed by Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient. The clinical progression in leishmaniasis is associated with the occurrence of hemorrhagic diathesis, which depends not only on the presence of the parasite but also the inflammatory process, compromised immunological response, hepatic and renal failure in symptomatic dogs.

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Torres, M. de M., de Almeida, A. do B. P. F., de Paula, D. A. J., Mendonça, A. J., Nakazato, L., Pescador, C. A., & Sousa, V. R. F. (2016, April 1). Avaliação hemostática de cães associada com a carga parasitária hepática de Leishmania infantum chagasi. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria. Brazilain Coll Veterinary Parasitology. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612016036

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