Flagellar axonemes assemble and continuously turn over at the flagellar tip. The supply and removal of axonemal subunits at the tip are mediated by intraflagellar transport (IFT) [1, 2], a motility process essential for the assembly and maintenance of all eukaryotic flagella and cilia. IFT is characterized by the movement of large protein complexes (IFT particles) from the basal bodies to the flagellar tip by kinesin-II and from the tip back to the basal bodies by cytoplasmic dynein 1b. The IFT particles consist of ∼16 polypeptides partitioned into two complexes, A and B [2, 3], and associate with axonemal precursors/turn over products. The mechanisms by which IFT motor regulation and cargo loading/unloading occur at the flagellar tip are unknown. We identified a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii ortholog of the microtubule (MT) plus end-tracking protein EB1  (CrEB1) and show here that CrEB1 localizes to the tip of flagella and to the proximal part of the basal bodies. Furthermore, we found that CrEB1 is depleted from flagella of the temperature-sensitive (ts) flagellar assembly-defective (fla) mutant fla11ts at the restrictive temperature. This depletion of CrEB1 is accompanied by a dramatic accumulation of IFT particle polypeptides near the flagellar tip.
Pedersen, L. B., Geimer, S., Sloboda, R. D., & Rosenbaum, J. L. (2003). The Microtubule Plus End-Tracking Protein EB1 Is Localized to the Flagellar Tip and Basal Bodies in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Current Biology, 13(22), 1969–1974. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2003.10.058