Chromate coatings on Zn or Zn alloy coated steel sheets often include silica for the aim to improve corrosion resistance. In the case of dry-in-place chromate coatings containing acrylic resin (hereafter referred to as an organic-inorganic composite coating), an addition of silica, however, did not show an improvement in corrosion resistance. The microstructures of the organic-inorganic composite coatings were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and the chemical states of Cr were investigated by the total electron yield X-ray absorption near edge structure (TEY-XANES) method. TEM samples were successfully prepared by dry ultramicrotomy preventing water-soluble components in the coatings from dissolving out. TEY-XANES revealed the chemical states of components even in the organic matrix. Using these methods, it was found that the addition of silica changed just the morphology of the chromium compound in the organic-inorganic composite coating but not the chemical state of Cr. This is a reason for the addition of silica being not effective at improving corrosion resistance. The combination of dry ultramicrotomy-TEM and TEY-XANES spectroscopy was proven to be a powerful tool for characterizing organic-inorganic composite coatings. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Hamada, E., Nagoshi, M., Sato, K., Matsuzaki, A., Yamaji, T., & Kuroda, K. (2003). Microstructure of organic-inorganic composite coatings studied by TEM and XANES. Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 4(5), 475–480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2003.10.003