This report concerns the use of trans-axillary thoracotomy for a variety of pulmonary, pleural, and mediastinal conditions in 50 patients. Primary and metastatic carcinomas, pneumothoraces, and benign lesions such as bronchogenic cysts and neurogenic tumors can be identified, evaluated, and treated with confidence. Reduced postoperative pain and morbidity, rapid return of arm and shoulder movements, reduced hospital stay, and excellent cosmetic result are among the advantages of this approach when compared with the usual posterolateral thoracotomy. © 1976, The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. All rights reserved.
Becker, R. M., & Munro, D. D. (1976). Transaxillary Minithoracotomy: The Optimal Approach for Certain Pulmonary and Mediastinal Lesions. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 22(3), 254–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-4975(10)64912-0