Effect of eprosartan on cytoplasmic free calcium mobilization, platelet activation, and microparticle formation in hypertension

35Citations
Citations of this article
20Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Hypertensive patients show greater platelet activation than do normotensive individuals. Platelet activation is characterized by increased phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure in the external hemilayer of the membrane, a larger number of platelet microparticles (PMP), and changes in intraplatelet-free calcium kinetics. This study evaluated whether eprosartan can protect against undesirable platelet activation. A total of 30 hypertensive patients (systolic blood pressure [SBP] 140 to 189 mm Hg; diastolic blood pressure [DBP] 90 to 109 mm Hg) without renal, liver, or cardiac organic lesions and with a mean age of 47.6 ± 9.4 years and mean body mass index (BMI) of 27.9 ± 3.9 kg/m 2 received eprosartan (600 mg/day). They were compared with 31 normotensive individuals with a mean age of 43.3 ± 6.7 years and a mean BMI of 26.8 ± 3.9 kg/m 2. Blood pressure measurements and platelet function changes were assessed at baseline (control and hypertensive patients) and after 1 and 2 months of eprosartan monotherapy (hypertensive patients only). Significant baseline to endpoint (month 2) changes in SBP and DBP were noted in the eprosartan group (SBP: baseline 152.2 ± 16.8 mm Hg, endpoint 142.2 ± 16.9 mm Hg, P < .01; DBP: baseline 93.5 ± 9.9 mm Hg, endpoint 85.8 ± 11.9 mm Hg, P < .001). Native circulating activated platelets increased in both groups after shear stress or Ca 2+ ionophore activation, and were reduced by eprosartan (after shear exposure from 104% at month 1 to 76% after 2 months of therapy). Eprosartan therapy normalized the number of microparticles after blood shear exposure (P < .01) and after exposure to Ca 2+ ionophore activation (P < .05) and significantly reduced the trend for platelets to be more readily activated in hypertensive compared with normotensive subjects (baseline to endpoint change P < .001; increase/shear versus baseline P < .001). Eprosartan partially normalizes cytoplasmic-free calcium mobilization in platelets. Eprosartan significantly reduces blood pressure and normalizes undesirable changes in platelet function. © 2004 American Journal of Hypertension, Ltd.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Labiós, M., Mart’nez, M., Gabriel, F., Guiral, V., Muñoz, A., & Aznar, J. (2004). Effect of eprosartan on cytoplasmic free calcium mobilization, platelet activation, and microparticle formation in hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, 17(9), 757–763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjhyper.2004.05.010

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free