Mechanoelectric feedback after left ventricular infarction in rats

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Abstract

Background: Myocardial infarction can lead to electrical abnormalities and rhythm disturbances. However, there is limited data on the electrophysiological basis for these events. Since regional contraction abnormalities feature prominently in infarction, we investigated whether stretch of myocardium from the infarction borderzone can modulate the electrophysiological properties of cardiomyocytes via mechanoelectric feedback providing a mechanism for post-infarction arrhythmia. Methods: Five weeks after experimental myocardial infarction (MI) in rats due to ligation of the left coronary artery (n=26) or after sham operation (SO, n=16), action potentials (AP) were measured in left ventricular preparations from the infarction borderzone. Sustained stretch was applied via a micrometer. Results: Preparations from MI generated spontaneous electrical and contractile activity. Cardiomyocytes from MI had a comparable AP amplitude, a more negative resting membrane potential, and a prolonged AP duration (APD) when compared to SO. In SO, stretch of 150 μm increased the APD90. This was associated with stretch activated depolarizations near APD90 (SAD-90). In MI, significantly lower stretch, of only 20 μm, elicited SAD-90s, or SADs near APD50 (SAD-50). Stretch-induced events were suppressed by gadolinium, at a concentration (40 μM) normally used to inhibit stretch-activated channels. Conclusion: After MI, SADs are generated in the infarction borderzone at lower degrees of stretch. Increased sensitivity of the membrane potential of cardiac myocytes to mechanical stimuli may contribute to the high risk of arrhythmia after infarction. These SADs may involve the opening of stretch-activated channels. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

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Kiseleva, I., Kamkin, A., Wagner, K. D., Theres, H., Ladhoff, A., Scholz, H., … Lab, M. J. (2000). Mechanoelectric feedback after left ventricular infarction in rats. Cardiovascular Research, 45(2), 370–378. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6363(99)00361-2

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