Evaluation of equations to predict body composition in Nellore bulls

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Abstract

The equations developed by Hankins and Howe (1946, HH), Marcondes et al. (2010, M10), Marcondes et al. (in press, M11) and Valadares Filho et al. (2006, V6) were evaluated to predict the body composition from the 9-10-11th rib cut in Nellore bulls. The evaluated equations estimated the physical and the carcass chemical composition, the empty body chemical composition and the noncarcass chemical composition. Thirty-seven Nellore bulls (14±1 months old initially) with shrunk body weight of 259±24.9. kg were used in this experiment. The bulls were randomly divided into three groups: five bulls to the reference group, four bulls were fed at maintenance level and twenty-eight bulls were fed ad libitum. The bulls fed ad libitum were separated into four groups, one of which was slaughtered every 42 days. The diet was composed of corn silage and concentrate (55:45). After slaughter, the 9-10-11th rib cut was dissected into muscle, fat and bone fractions. The remaining carcass was similarly dissected. The others parameters that were evaluated as partial predictors included the empty body weight, the dressing percentage, the visceral fat percentage, the organ and viscera percentage and the composition of the noncarcass components. The values estimated with prediction equations were compared to the observed values. The equations obtained by M11 predicted correctly the carcass physical composition. However, the muscle and fat tissues were under- and overestimated, respectively, by HH. Some constituents of the noncarcass components can be predicted from equations developed by M10. The equations obtained by M10 predicted correctly the carcass and empty body chemical composition. The carcass water was underestimated by HH. The equations by V6 did not predict the carcass or empty body chemical composition. The carcass physical and chemical composition and empty body chemical composition can be predicted from the composition of 9-10-11th rib cut by equations obtained by Marcondes et al. (2010, in press) while the composition of these components cannot be predicted by Hankins and Howe (1946) and Valadares Filho et al. (2006) in Nellore bulls. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

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Costa e Silva, L. F., Valadares Filho, S. C., Detmann, E., Marcondes, M. I., Rotta, P. P., Prados, L. F., & Zanetti, D. (2013). Evaluation of equations to predict body composition in Nellore bulls. Livestock Science, 151(1), 46–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2012.09.014

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