Chlorophyll (Chl) a in a cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 was replaced with di-vinyl (DV)-Chl a by knock-out of the specific gene (slr1923), responsible for the reduction of a 8-vinyl group, and optical and photochemical properties of purified photosystem (PS) II complexes (DV-PS II) were investigated. We observed differences in the peak wavelengths of absorption and fluorescence spectra; however, replacement of Chl a with DV-Chl a had limited effects. On the contrary, photochemical reactions were highly sensitive to high-light treatments in the mutant. Specifically, DV-Chl a was rapidly bleached under high-light conditions, and we detected significant dissociation of complexes and degradation of D1 proteins (PsbA). By comparing the SDS-PAGE patterns observed in this study to those observed in spinach chloroplasts, this degradation is assigned to the acceptor-side photoinhibition. The delayed fluorescence in the nanosecond time region at 77 K was suppressed in DV-PS II, possibly increasing triplet formation of Chl molecules. Our findings provide insight into the evolutionary processes of cyanobacteria. The effects of pigment replacement on the optimization of reactions are discussed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Tomo, T., Akimoto, S., Ito, H., Tsuchiya, T., Fukuya, M., Tanaka, A., & Mimuro, M. (2009). Replacement of chlorophyll with di-vinyl chlorophyll in the antenna and reaction center complexes of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: Characterization of spectral and photochemical properties. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1787(3), 191–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2008.12.014