SAPO-34 as a catalyst has high selectivity and hydrothermal stability, but it is rapidly deactivated by the formation of coke in its micropores. Evaluating the natural Clinoptilolite capability as a binder in nanocomposite catalysts is of interest because of its low cost, and accelerating the reaction. The SAPO-34/Clinoptilolite (S/C) nanocomposite catalysts were synthesized via ultrasonic-assisted hydrothermal method using Clinoptilolite as a binder. Subsequent performance of the catalyst was investigated in the methanol to olefins (MTO) reaction. The structures of synthesized nanocomposite were characterized with several methods such as XRD, XRF, FESEM, TEM, NH3-TPD, FT-IR, and nitrogen adsorption techniques. The modified Clinoptilolite was attained using nitric acid treatment. Although the physicochemical analysis indicated that HNO3-treatment decreases the crystallinity of the Clinoptilolite, the specific surface area of natural zeolite enhances considerably from 20.07 to 187.8 m2/g. The nanocomposite catalysts showed high selectivity toward light olefins with 100% conversion and 90% selectivity to light olefins as desired products at 450 °C. Nanocomposite with the additional diffusion paths for mass transfer provided by binder-filled space ascend to higher catalytic lifetimes in compare with free SAPO-34 catalyst.
Moradiyan, E., Halladj, R., Askari, S., & Moghimpour Bijani, P. (2017). Ultrasonic-assisted hydrothermal synthesis and catalytic behavior of a novel SAPO-34/Clinoptilolite nanocomposite catalyst for high propylene demand in MTO process. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 107, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpcs.2017.03.021