Waste management, in particular waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), currently represents an important issue for the modern society. A transition toward circular economy and industrial symbiosis models is needed to mitigate the environmental problem and recover value from end of life (EoL) materials/products. This study aims to define an approach and a platform, dedicated to the WEEE sector, to favor the creation of industrial symbiosis opportunities. Through this structured approach, demand of virgin materials and components, and supply of EoL products are linked to find potential collaborations. In this way, EoL components/materials could be reused in different applications, thus closed-loop lifecycles can be created through industrial symbiosis. A case study focused on the reuse of plastics from electrical cables is shown to demonstrate that in the WEEE sector the implementation of industrial symbiosis models can lead to win-win scenarios for all the involved stakeholders.
Marconi, M., Gregori, F., Germani, M., Papetti, A., & Favi, C. (2018). An approach to favor industrial symbiosis: The case of waste electrical and electronic equipment. In Procedia Manufacturing (Vol. 21, pp. 502–509). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.02.150