Meibomian gland dysfunction: A dermatological perspective on pathogenesis and treatment outlook

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Abstract

Meibomian glands are modified oil-producing glands that produce meibum and can become dysfunctional and negatively affect the lipid layer in the tear film, resulting in ocular surface diseases such as evaporative dry eye. Abnormal keratin production and aggregation at the meibomian gland orifice has been implicated in the pathogenesis of meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). Current treatments largely ignore the role of keratin proteins. This review paper synthesizes various publications on hyperkeratinization and its role in MGD pathogenesis and proposes a novel treatment strategy for MGD that involves the use of keratolytic agents commonly used in dermatological treatments.

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Gupta, P. K., Periman, L. M., Lain, E., Donnenfeld, E., Hovanesian, J., Kim, T., … Holland, E. (2021). Meibomian gland dysfunction: A dermatological perspective on pathogenesis and treatment outlook. Clinical Ophthalmology, 15, 4399–4404. https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S327407

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