Climate change fundamentally shifts the agricultural development agenda. Changing temperature and precipitation, sea level rise, and the rising frequency of extreme climate events will significantly reduce global food production in this century unless action is taken. Major investments, private and public, will be needed.! Adapting agriculture to climate change is necessary to achieve food security, and agricultural mitigation can also reduce atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and slow climate change itself.! There are many drivers of change affecting agricultural sectors around the world, including population growth, changes in consumer demand and market integration. Climate Smart Agriculture is an integrated approach to achieve food security in the face of climate change, while also mitigating climate change and contribute to other development goals. Achieving these goals will require cooperation at many levels, including working with farmers’ organizations and other stakeholders in the private sector, scientists, and policy makers at the national and sub national level.! CSA is a way to achieve short and long term agricultural development priorities in the face of climate change and serve as an integrator to other development priorities. CSA seeks to support countries and other actors in securing the necessary policy, technical and financial conditions to enable them to:! A. sustainably increase agricultural productivity and incomes; ! B. build resilience and the capacity of agricultural and food systems to adapt to climate change, and;! C. seek opportunities to reduce and remove greenhouse gases (GHGs) while meeting their national food security and development goals.
Identifying Strategies to Enhance the Resilience of Smallholder Farming Systems: Evidence from Zambia. (2017), 425–441. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-61194-5