We have characterised an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA homologous to the ycf32 open reading frames present in the Synechocystis genome and the plastid genomes of several eukaryotic algae. The predicted protein is also homologous to a novel protein reported to be associated with photosystem II. The protein is synthesised as a 23 kDa precursor with an N-terminal presequence that appears to be bipartite in structure, and the protein is targeted into the thylakoid membrane of pea chloroplasts. Although the Ycf32 presequence contains an apparent signal peptide, we find that this protein is not imported by either of the standard Sec- or ΔpH-dependent pathways. The mature protein is also unusual in two respects. First, there are two distinct, non-identical copies of typical single-span Ycf32 sequences in the Arabidopsis sequence, separated by an additional hydrophobic region. Secondly, the imported protein runs as a doublet of 6 kDa and 7 kDa polypeptides whereas the mature protein is predicted to be 14 kDa. We speculate that the protein undergoes further maturation once inserted into the thylakoid membrane to yield two separate Ycf32-like polypeptides.
Mant, A., & Robinson, C. (1998). An arabidopsis cDNA encodes an apparent polyprotein of two non-identical thylakoid membrane proteins that are associated with photosystem II and homologous to algal ycf32 open reading frames. FEBS Letters, 423(2), 183–188. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(98)00089-1