The eruption of Eyjafjallajokull in 2010 has triggered the rapid development of volcanic ash remote sensing activities at the Met Office. Volcanic ash qualitative and quantitative mapping have been achieved using lidar on board the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements (FAAM) research aircraft, and using improved satellite retrieval algorithms. After the eruption, a new aircraft facility, the Met Office Civil Contingencies Aircraft (MOCCA), has been set up to enable a rapid response, and a network of ground-based remote sensing sites with lidars and sunphotometers is currently being developed. Thanks to these efforts, the United Kingdom (UK) will be much better equipped to deal with such a crisis, should it happen in the future.
Marenco, F., Kent, J., Adam, M., Buxmann, J., Francis, P., & Haywood, J. (2016). Remote Sensing of Volcanic ASH at the Met Office. In EPJ Web of Conferences (Vol. 119). EDP Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/201611907003