Nationwide survey of contraceptive and sexually transmitted infection knowledge, attitudes and skills of university students in Portugal

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Abstract

Sexually transmitted infections and (STIs) unintended pregnancies are contemporary public health concerns. Understanding factors (e.g. knowledge, attitudes and skills) influencing sexual behaviours of university students are critical to develop targeted and tailored riskreduction interventions for this vulnerable population. Thus, the goals of this study were to describe sexual behaviours and analyze differences between genders for sexual behaviours; to identify whether differences exist between genders and age groups regarding knowledge, attitudes and skills concerning contraceptive methods and STIs, and to evaluate the association of knowledge with attitudes and skills with sexual behaviour among university students in Portugal. The sample included 3278 students. Results show that the majority were sexually active and use condoms and oral contraceptives. In general, university students have high knowledge, positive attitudes and skills about contraception and STIs. Gender analyses indicated that women had greater knowledge, and more favourable attitudes, and higher skills toward contraceptive and STI preventive behaviour College students, in particular, face new challenges in sexual health and would benefit from more comprehensive education aimed at promoting healthy decision-making about family planning and STI prevention. ©2012 Asociación Española de Psicología Conductual. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.

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APA

Reis, M., Ramiro, L., Matos, M. G., & Diniz, J. A. (2013). Nationwide survey of contraceptive and sexually transmitted infection knowledge, attitudes and skills of university students in Portugal. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 13(2), 127–137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1697-2600(13)70016-4

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