In this paper, we propose a solid microwave-mediated method for scalable production of nitrogen-doped graphene sheets (NGS) using low-cost industrial material melamine as functionalizing agent and nitrogen source. The strong interaction of microwaves with graphene oxide has been fully utilized to generate in situ heating that induces the decompose melamine and nitrogen doping of graphene. The morphology, structure, and components of the as-produced nitrogen-doped graphene are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), pore-size distribution (PSD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Raman spectroscopy. The results show NGS can be successfully synthesized via this strategy. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Zhang, L., Ji, B., Wang, K., & Song, J. (2014). Synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene via solid microwave method. Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, 185(1), 129–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2014.02.019