Although proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is a common method for the evaluation of intracranial meningiomas, controversy exists regarding which parameter of 1H-MRS best predicts the histopathological grade of an intracranial meningioma. In this study, we evaluated the results of pre-operative 1H-MRS to identify predictive factors for high-grade intracranial meningioma. Thirteen patients with World Health Organization (WHO) grade II-III meningioma (confirmed by pathology) were defined as high-grade; twenty-two patients with WHO grade I meningioma were defined as low-grade. All patients were evaluated by 1H-MRS before surgery. The relationships between the ratios of metabolites (N-acetylaspartate [NAA], creatine [Cr], and choline [Cho]) and the diagnosis of high-grade meningioma were analyzed. According to Mann-Whitney U test analysis, the Cho/ NAA ratio in cases of high-grade meningioma was significantly higher than in cases of low-grade meningioma (6.34 ± 7.90 vs. 1.58 ± 0.77, p<0.05); however, there were no differences in age, Cho/Cr, or NAA/Cr. According to conditional inference tree analysis, the optimal cutoff point for the Cho/NAA ration between high-grade and low-grade meningioma was 2.409 (sensitivity = 61.54%; specificity = 86.36%). This analysis of pre-operative 1H-MRS metabolite ratio demonstrated that the Cho/NAA ratio may provide a simple and practical predictive value for high-grade intracranial meningiomas, and may aid neurosurgeons in efforts to design an appropriate surgical plan and treatment strategy before surgery.
Lin, M. C., Li, C. Z., Hsieh, C. C., Hong, K. T., Lin, B. J., Lin, C., … Hueng, D. Y. (2018). Preoperative grading of intracranial meningioma by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). PLoS ONE, 13(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0207612