Lesions of endodontic origin: An emerging risk factor for coronary heart diseases

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Abstract

A high inflammatory state, such as atherosclerosis, is a major underlying cause of coronary heart diseases (CHDs). Inflammatory mediators are known to lead to endothelial dysfunction and play a key role in initiation, progression, and rupture of atherothrombotic plaque. Chronic inflammatory dental infections such as periodontitis and lesions of endodontic origin or chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) may provide an environment conducive for such events. Atherosclerosis has shown to share a common spectrum of inflammatory markers with apical periodontitis. The possible correlation between CHD and CAP is emerging at microbiological, clinical, inflammatory, and molecular levels. This less recognized fact should be discussed more among the dental and medical fraternity so that more awareness and positive approach toward oral health can be created among patients and health-care providers.

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Bains, R., & Bains, V. K. (2018, December 1). Lesions of endodontic origin: An emerging risk factor for coronary heart diseases. Indian Heart Journal. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ihj.2018.07.004

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