The stability of dual-taper modular hip implants: a biomechanical analysis examining the effect of impact location on component stability

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Abstract

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate the stability of dual-taper modular implants following impaction forces delivered at varying locations as measured by the distraction forces required to disassemble the components. Methods Distraction of the head-neck and neck-stem (NS) tapers of dual-taper modular implants with 0°, 8°, and 15° neck angles were measured utilizing a custom-made distraction fixture attached to a servohydraulic materials test machine. Distraction was measured after hand pressing the components as well as following a simulated firm hammer blow impaction. Impacts to the 0°, 8°, 15° necks were directed axially in line with the neck, 10° anterior, and 10° proximal to the axis of the neck, respectively. Results Impaction increased the range of NS component distraction forces when compared to hand pressed components (1125-1743 N vs 248-302 N, respectively). Off-axis impacts resulted in significantly reduced mean (±95% confidence interval) distraction forces (8° neck, 1125 ± 117 N; 15° neck, 1212 ± 73 N), which were up to 35% lower than the mean distraction force for axial impacts to the 0° neck (1743 ± 138 N). Conclusions Direction of impaction influences stability of the modular interface. The greatest stability was achieved with impaction directed in line with the longitudinal axis of the taper junction. Off-axis impaction of the 8° and 15° neck led to significantly reduced stability at the NS. Improving stability of dual-taper modular hip prostheses with appropriately directed impaction may help to minimize micromotion, component settling, fretting corrosion, and subsequent failure.

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Frisch, N. B., Lynch, J. R., Banglmaier, R. F., & Silverton, C. D. (2017). The stability of dual-taper modular hip implants: a biomechanical analysis examining the effect of impact location on component stability. Arthroplasty Today, 3(2), 119–124. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artd.2016.08.005

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