Isolation and characterization of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus associated with the 2014 disease outbreak in Mexico: Case report

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Abstract

Background: Interest in porcine epidemic diarrhea has grown since the 2013 outbreak in the United States caused major losses, with mortality rates up to 100 % in suckling piglets. In Mexico, an outbreak of porcine epidemic diarrhea, characterized by 100 % mortality in piglets, began in March 2014 in the State of Mexico. Methods: The aim of this study was to confirm and identify porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) in samples from piglets with suggestive clinical signs using virological, histological, and molecular techniques. Necropsy was performed on 13 piglets from two litters with initial and advanced clinical signs. Suggestive lesions of acute infection with PEDV were detected in histological sections of the small and large bowels; specifically, multiple virus particles with visible crown-shaped projections were observed using electron microscopy and negative staining. Viral isolation was performed in Vero cells with trypsin. Infection was monitored by observation of cytopathic effect, and titration was determined by TCID50/ml. The presence of the PEDV in cultures and clinical samples was confirmed by RT-PCR amplification and sequencing of a 651-bp segment of the S glycoprotein gene, as well as a 681-bp matrix protein gene. Results: The nucleotide sequence analysis of the Mexican isolates showed marked homology to viruses that circulated in 2013 in Colorado, USA. Conclusions: In this paper we confirm the isolation and characterization of PEDV from animals with early and advanced clinical signs.

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Trujillo-Ortega, M. E., Beltrán-Figueroa, R., García-Hernández, M. E., Juárez-Ramírez, M., Sotomayor-González, A., Hernández-Villegas, E. N., … Sarmiento-Silva, R. E. (2016). Isolation and characterization of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus associated with the 2014 disease outbreak in Mexico: Case report. BMC Veterinary Research, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12917-016-0763-z

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