Suicide and parasuicide: a selected review of the literature

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Abstract

Suicide and parasuicide: a selected review of the literature. The increase in adolescent suicides has prompted the World Health Organization to set targets to reduce the incidence of deaths by the year 2000. In order to achieve this target further investigation into the perceptions of adolescent parasuicidal individuals is required to reduce the number of suicide attempts. Statistical evidence shows that parasuicidal individuals are commonly females who attempt suicide by taking an overdose. In the majority of cases help has been sought within the month prior to the attempt. Following an attempt many individuals feel isolated or ignored by health professionals. It appears that communication difficulties and negative attitudes by health professionals often reinforce the stigma associated with suicide. Nurses can contribute to the prevention of parasuicide/suicide by actively providing therapeutic care and counselling parasuicidal individuals to help them deal with major life events. Copyright © 1995, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

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McGAUGHEY, J., LONG, A., & HARRISSON, S. (1995). Suicide and parasuicide: a selected review of the literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 2(4), 199–206. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2850.1995.tb00058.x

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