The effect of mitral valve surgery on ventricular arrhythmia in patients with bileaflet mitral valve prolapse

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Background Bileaflet mitral valve prolapse (biMVP) is associated with frequent ventricular ectopy (VE) and malignant ventricular arrhythmia. We examined the effect of mitral valve (MV) surgery on VE burden in biMVP patients. Methods We included 32 consecutive patients undergoing MV surgery for mitral regurgitation secondary to biMVP between 1993 and 2012 at Mayo Clinic who had available pre- and post-operative Holter monitoring data. Characteristics of patients with a significant reduction in postoperative VE (group A, defined as >10% reduction in VE burden compared to baseline) were compared with the rest of study patients (group B). Results In the overall cohort, VE burden was unchanged after the surgery (41 interquartile range [16, 196] pre-surgery vs. 40 interquartile range [5186] beats/hour [bph] post-surgery; P = 0.34). However, in 17 patients (53.1%), VE burden decreased by at least 10% after the surgery. These patients (group A) were younger than the group B (59 ± 15 vs. 68 ± 7 years; P = 0.04). Other characteristics including pre- and postoperative left ventricular function and size were similar in both groups. Age <60 years was associated with a reduction in postoperative VE (odds ratio 5.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.1–44.7; P = 0.03). Furthermore, there was a graded relationship between age and odds of VE reduction with surgery (odds ratio 1.9; 95% confidence interval 1.04–4.3 per 10-year; P = 0.04). Conclusions MV surgery does not uniformly reduce VE burden in patients with biMVP. However, those patients who do have a reduction in VE burden are younger, perhaps suggesting that early surgical intervention could modify the underlying electrophysiologic substrate.




Naksuk, N., Syed, F. F., Krittanawong, C., Anderson, M. J., Ebrille, E., DeSimone, C. V., … Noseworthy, P. A. (2016). The effect of mitral valve surgery on ventricular arrhythmia in patients with bileaflet mitral valve prolapse. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal, 16(6), 187–191.

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