Crack growth and cracking behavior of Alloy 600/182 and Alloy 690/152 welds in simulated PWR primary water

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Abstract

The crack growth responses of as-received and as-welded Alloy 600/182 and Alloy 690/152 welds to constant loading were measured by a direct current potential drop method using compact tension specimens in primary water at 325 °C simulating the normal operating conditions of a nuclear power plant. The as-received Alloy 600 showed crack growth rates (CGRs) between 9.6 × 10−9 mm/s and 3.8 × 10−8 mm/s, and the as-welded Alloy 182 had CGRs between 7.9 × 10−8 mm/s and 7.5 × 10−7 mm/s within the range of the applied loadings. These results indicate that Alloys 600 and 182 are susceptible to cracking. The average CGR of the as-welded Alloy 152 was found to be 2.8 × 10−9 mm/s. Therefore, Alloy 152 was proven to be highly resistant to cracking. The as-received Alloy 690 showed no crack growth even with an inhomogeneous banded microstructure. The cracking mode of Alloys 600 and 182 was an intergranular cracking; however, Alloy 152 was revealed to have a mixed (intergranular + transgranular) cracking mode. It appears that the Cr concentration and the microstructural features significantly affect the cracking resistance and the cracking behavior of Ni-base alloys in PWR primary water.

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Lim, Y. S., Kim, D. J., Kim, S. W., & Kim, H. P. (2019). Crack growth and cracking behavior of Alloy 600/182 and Alloy 690/152 welds in simulated PWR primary water. Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 51(1), 228–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.net.2018.09.011

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