OBJECTIVES: The use of Trastuzumab (T) for the adjuvant treatment of breast cancer patients (BCP) has been tested in clinical trials. Our goal is to perform a health technology evaluation in order to stablish if the scientific evidences are strong enough to support the use of T and to compare its cost-effectiveness ratio (CER) with other treatments covered by the public sector in Brazil. METHODS: We performed a literature search, looking for randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs), systematic reviews (SR), guidelines, pharmacoeconomic analysis and endorsements from regulatory agencies on the use of T for BCP. RESULTS: We found five RCTs, three SR, six guidelines / health technology assessments and three endorsements from regulatory agencies. Four RCTs tested Trastuzumab 2 mg/kg/week or 6 mg/kg/ every 3 weeks during one year, in patients with tumors >= 1 cm. All of these showed a 50% reduction on risk of relapse and a 40% reduction in death risk. SR confirmed these findings. The only study that did not show a survival gain, used T for only nine weeks. Guidelines and regulatory agencies recomend the use of T for one year. On the pharmacoeconomic perspective, T has a CER similar or better than other procedures covered by the public sector in Brazil, such as heart transplant, tacrolimus for kidney transplantation, ribavirin plus peg-interferon for C hepatitis and bone marrow transplant. These procedures have a CER betwen US$35,000 and US$45,000 / QALY (or above). The CER of adjuvant T is around US$20,000/QALY. CONCLUSIONS: Trastuzumab is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of BCP, and must be considered as standard treatment for these patients. Also, from a pharmacoeconomic point of view, it's CER is similiar to other medical interventions covered by the Brazilian health care public system.
Clark, O., Paladini, L., Clark, L., Pegoretti, B., Faleiros, E., & Engel, T. (2009). PCN166 TRAZTUZUMAB ON ADJUVANT BREAST CANCER TREATMENT: EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS AND A HEALTH TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION. Value in Health, 12(7), A289. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1098-3015(10)74416-8