The spectrum of food regulations in the United States affect agricultural practices, the food industry and its supply chain, multiple regulatory agencies, and consumers of all ages and stages of life. These regulations assist in ensuring food products, dietary supplements, and related products are safe, and the statements associated with those products are truthful and not misleading. Most US food regulatory agencies and subsequent food regulations were developed and implemented in reaction to real public health issues and consumer perceptions of emerging or potential health issues. All federal food statues are codified in the United States Code and the corresponding regulations are organized in a variety of subject titles located in the Code of Federal Regulations. This chapter briefly presents the more than 100-year history of food regulations and provides a number of regulatory applications and consequences of those regulations, or even the absence thereof.
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