Project Description: The aims of this study were to construct spaced retrieval (SR) only and spaced retrieval combined with Montessori‐based activities (SR&M) training programs, and then compare the efficacy of both training programs in reducing overeating behavior for residents with dementia. One hundred thirty‐five demented residents with overeating behavior were chosen from six dementia special care units and randomly assigned into an Experimental I (EI) group, an Experimental II (EII) and the control group. Forty‐four subjects in the EI group were received SR&M training, forty‐eight subjects in the EII group were received SR training only, while 43 subjects in the control group were received routine activities. Data were collected at pre‐test, post‐test, and at post intervention periods of 1, 3, and 6 months. Data was analyzed and long‐term effects were compared using GEE. Research findings revealed both SR only and SR&M training could significantly improve overeating behavior and eating habit change of residents with dementia, and caregivers' distress. Moreover, SR&M training had long‐term effects notably in improving in the mechanics, attitude and process of eating meals, in BMI results. Both training programs have effects in improving overeating behaviors. In comparison with SR only, SR&M training has better long‐term effects. However, it costs more in training time for caregivers. Thus, managers in institutions should decide which training they prefer based on their manpower and budget. (Table Presented).
Lin, L.-C. (2014). P3-295: EFFICACY OF SPACED RETRIEVAL ONLY COMPARED TO A COMBINATION OF SPACED RETRIEVAL WITH MONTESSORI-BASED ACTIVITIES IN IMPROVING OVEREATING OF RESIDENTS WITH DEMENTIA. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 10, P739–P739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2014.05.1387