Objective: Predicting the risk factors for late aortic events in patients with type B acute aortic dissection without complications may help to determine a therapeutic strategy for this disorder. We investigated whether late aortic events in type B acute aortic dissection can be predicted accurately by an index that expresses the degree of fusiform dilatation of the proximal descending aorta during the acute phase; this index can be calculated as follows: (maximum diameter of the proximal descending aorta)/(diameter of the distal aortic arch + diameter of the descending aorta at the pulmonary artery level). Methods: Patients with type B acute aortic dissection without complications (n = 141) were retrospectively analyzed to determine the predictors of late aortic events; these include aortic dilatation, rupture, refractory pain, organ ischemia, rapid aortic enlargement, and rapid enlargement of ulcer-like projections. Results: The fusiform index in patients with late aortic events (0.59) was higher than that in patients without late aortic events (0.53, P < .01). Patients with a higher fusiform index exhibited aortic dilatation earlier than those with a lower fusiform index. By multivariate analysis, we conclude that the predominant independent predictors of late aortic events were a maximum aortic diameter of 40 mm or more, a patent false lumen, and a fusiform index of 0.64 or more (hazard ratios, 3.18, 2.64, and 2.73, respectively). The values of actuarial freedom from aortic events for patients with all 3 predictors at 1, 5, and 10 years were 22%, 17%, and 8%, respectively, whereas the values in those without these predictors were 97%, 94%, and 90%, respectively. Conclusions: The degree of fusiform dilatation of the proximal descending aorta, a patent false lumen, and a large aortic diameter can be predominant predictors of late aortic events in patients with type B acute aortic dissection. Patients with these predictors should be recommended to undergo early interventions (surgery or stent-graft implantation) or at least be closely followed up during the chronic phase before such events develop. © 2007 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery.
Marui, A., Mochizuki, T., Koyama, T., & Mitsui, N. (2007). Degree of fusiform dilatation of the proximal descending aorta in type B acute aortic dissection can predict late aortic events. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 134(5), 1163–1170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2007.07.037