Prevalence of malnutrition in Spanish schoolchildren

2Citations
Citations of this article
29Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Introduction and aims: The term malnutrition includes malnutrition due to excess or obesity, underweight as well as stunted growth. Its prevalence in a population can be estimated using anthropometric variables. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of malnutrition in Galician schoolchildren aged 6 to 15 years in the school year 2013-2014. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a representative sample by gender and age of the Galician population of 6 to 15 years old. The prevalence of obesity, underweight, and short stature was estimated by age and gender using the reference standards proposed by the World Health Organisation. Results: Of the total of 7,438 schoolchildren weighed and measured, 16.4% had malnutrition. The prevalence of obesity was 14.8%, underweight was 0.7%, and short stature for age was estimated at 1%. Obesity was more prevalent among boys. As regards underweight and short stature, when there were differences, prevalence was higher among girls. Conclusions: In Galicia, 16 out of every 100 schoolchildren aged 6 to 15 years had malnutrition, with that due to excess or obesity being the most frequent. Prevalence of underweight and short stature did not exceed 1%. This data shows that primary prevention measures should be promoted at an early age to reduce malnutrition due to excess or adiposity, in particular.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Pérez-Ríos, M., Santiago-Pérez, M. I., Leis, R., Malvar, A., Suanzes, J., & Hervada, X. (2018). Prevalence of malnutrition in Spanish schoolchildren. Anales de Pediatria, 89(1), 44–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2017.09.001

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free