Bacterial community structure in soils contaminated with electronic waste pollutants from Delhi NCR, India

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Abstract

Background: Microbial community analysis of electronic waste (e-waste)-polluted environments is of interest to understand the effect of toxic e-waste pollutants on the soil microbial community and to evaluate novel microorganisms resisting the toxic environment. The present study aims to investigate the bacterial community structure in soils contaminated with e-waste from various sites of Loni and Mandoli (National Capital Region (NCR), India) where e-waste dumping and recycling activities are being carried out for many years. Results: Interferences to soil metagenomic DNA extraction and PCR amplification were observed because of the presence of inhibiting components derived from circuit boards. Whole-metagenome sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform showed that the most abundant phyla were Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. Deltaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria were the most common classes under Proteobacteria. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene showed that e-waste contamination altered the soil bacterial composition and diversity. There was a decrease in the number of predominant bacterial groups like Proteobacteria and Firmicutes but emergence of Actinobacteria in the contaminated soil samples. Conclusions: This is the first report describing the bacterial community structure of composite soil samples of e-waste-contaminated sites of Loni and Mandoli, Delhi NCR, India. The findings indicate that novel bacteria with potential bioremediating properties may be present in the e-waste-contaminated sites and hence need to be evaluated further. How to cite: Salam M, Varma A. Bacterial community structure in soils contaminated with electronic waste pollutants from Delhi NCR, India. Electron J Biotechnol 2019;41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2019.07.003.

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APA

Salam, M., & Varma, A. (2019). Bacterial community structure in soils contaminated with electronic waste pollutants from Delhi NCR, India. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 41, 72–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejbt.2019.07.003

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