Fusion tyrosine kinase NPM-ALK deregulates MSH2 and suppresses DNA mismatch repair function: Novel insights into a potent oncoprotein

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Abstract

The fusion tyrosine kinase NPM-ALK is central to the pathogenesis of ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK+ALCL). We recently identified that MSH2, a key DNA mismatch repair (MMR) protein integral to the suppression of tumorigenesis, is an NPM-ALKinteracting protein. In this study, we found in vitro evidence that enforced expression of NPM-ALK in HEK293 cells suppressed MMR function. Correlating with these findings, six of nine ALK +ALCL tumors displayed evidence of microsatellite instability, as opposed to none of the eight normal DNA control samples (P = 0.007, Student's t-test). Using co-immunoprecipitation, we found that increasing levels of NPM-ALK expression in HEK293 cells resulted in decreased levels of MSH6 bound to MSH2, whereas MSH2·NPM-ALK binding was increased. The NPM-ALK·MSH2 interaction was dependent on the activation/ autophosphorylation of NPM-ALK, and the Y191 residue of NPM-ALK was a crucial site for this interaction and NPM-ALKmediated MMR suppression. MSH2 was found to be tyrosine phosphorylated in the presence of NPM-ALK. Finally, NPM-ALK impeded the expected DNA damage-induced translocation of MSH2 out of the cytoplasm. To conclude, our data support a model in which the suppression of MMR by NPM-ALK is attributed to its ability to interfere with normal MSH2 biochemistry and function. © 2011 American Society for Investigative Pathology.

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Young, L. C., Bone, K. M., Wang, P., Wu, F., Adam, B. A., Hegazy, S., … Lai, R. (2011). Fusion tyrosine kinase NPM-ALK deregulates MSH2 and suppresses DNA mismatch repair function: Novel insights into a potent oncoprotein. American Journal of Pathology, 179(1), 411–421. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2011.03.045

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