The dynamic development of individual motorization observed in the last 2 decades, contributes to many negative phenomena occurring in road traffic and consequences for the natural environment. To counteract these negative phenomena (congestion, road accidents, emission of toxic exhaust fumes), many initiatives are taken in the field of safe use of vehicles. One of such solutions is the improvement of driving techniques and the ability to properly assess and forecast the traffic situation. This approach is known as eco-driving, and it offers the following benefits: economic, ecological and operational. The advantage of this solution is the high application potential and the ease of using eco-driving habits in various road conditions. This article describes the idea of eco-driving and presents a review of literature in this area. The authors, based on their own experience and the research results presented in the literature, carried out by various scientific and research centers from Poland and around the world, present the benefits of using this technique in practice. This article is an introduction to the eco-driving technique and a contribution to further more advanced operational tests.
Caban, J., Vrábel, J., Šarkan, B., & Ignaciuk, P. (2019). About eco-driving, genesis, challenges and benefits, application possibilities. In Transportation Research Procedia (Vol. 40, pp. 1281–1288). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2019.07.178