Atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) is a rare complication after radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation but is associated with high mortality, usually due to sepsis or neurologic injury. We report the case of a patient who presented with an AEF and dense neurologic deficits who had complete neurologic recovery after management with emergent surgical repair without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass and with implementation of postoperative hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Hirji, S. A., Haney, J. C., Welsby, I., Lombard, F. W., & Berry, M. F. (2015). Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for treatment of neurologic sequela after atrioesophageal fistula. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 99(2), 681–682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.04.058