Liver Transplantation for Progressive Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases: Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Background: Previous dismal clinical studies have stated that colorectal cancer with unresectable liver metastases is an absolute contraindication for liver transplantation (LT). During recent decades, it has been shown that patients with colorectal cancer with liver metastasis benefited from LT, but 100% recurrence was inevitable in progressive colorectal cancer with liver metastasis. Case presentation: A 61-year-old man was found at the first visit to be suffering from unresectable liver metastases of colorectal cancer. This patient underwent colorectal radical surgery and palliative treatment after the operation. During a 2-year follow-up, we found that CEA and CA199 rebounded sharply to high levels, and liver metastasis lesions increased significantly, so we made the decision to perform LT 2 years after the first surgery. Chemotherapy and sirolimus were given post-LT. Slow-growing pulmonary metastases after transplantation were found 4 months post-LT. This patient survived the next 4 months tumor-free and by now has survived 34 months free of liver tumors. Here, we review the literature on LT for progressive liver metastasis of colorectal cancer and summarize our experience from this successful case. Conclusion: This case provides vital evidence that LT is an option and can provide curative therapy for patients with advanced unresectable liver metastasis. Careful selection of patients, postoperative comprehensive treatments, and rational application of immunosuppressive agents are vital factors for favorable prognosis.

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Yang, Z., Wang, Y., & Ye, Q. (2019). Liver Transplantation for Progressive Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases: Case Report and Review of the Literature. Transplantation Proceedings, 51(9), 3124–3130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.06.003

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