This paper presents an evaluation, from the user point of view, of the regular population grid, with 1 km2 resolution, that the Spanish National Statistical Institute (INE), has released as a product from the last Population and Dwellings Census 2011. This way of disseminating population data is novel, and has a lot of analytical potential uses, since population is no longer linked to administrative divisions. For the first time this information about the population distribution has been generated using a bottom-up approach for the whole of Spain, this is, by georeferencing the population at its place of residence. The availability of another grid at the same spatial resolution, but generated using a top-down approach, this is, by spatial disaggregation methods from administrative population data and other auxiliary land cover information, allow us to explore the benefits associated to georeferencing the population in the context of the methodological changes introduced by the Population and Dwellings Census 2011. At the same time, we are able to evaluate the merits of the census grid.
Goerlich Gisbert, F. J., & Cantarino Marti, I. (2017, January 1). Grid poblacional 2011 para España. Evaluación metodológica de diversas posibilidades de elaboración. Estudios Geograficos. CSIC Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. https://doi.org/10.3989/estgeogr.201705