Fluorescent proteins are promising tools for studying intracellular signaling processes in lymphocytes. This brief review summarizes fluorescence-based imaging techniques developed in recent years and discusses new methodological advances, such as fluorescent photoswitches, fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP), fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), photoactivated localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM), stimulated emission depletion (STED), total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) and other techiques. This survey also highlights recent advances in vitro imaging of live tissues, novel applications of flow cytometry with genetically modified fluorescent proteins, and future prospects for the development of new immunological test systems based on fluorescent protein technology.
Liubchenko, G. A., Moriev, R. M., & Kholodna, L. S. (2015). Modern fluorescent techniques to investigate the mechanisms of lymphocyte activation. Ukrainian Biochemical Journal, 87(1), 33–45. https://doi.org/10.15407/ubj87.01.033