Study Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of a nonsurgical treatment for cervical pregnancy (CP) and cesarean section scar pregnancy (CSP). Design: Retrospective clinical study (Canadian Task Force classification III). Setting: Private assisted reproductive technology practice. Patients: Nineteen women with CP (n = 16) or CSP (n = 3), including 6 patients with positive fetal heartbeat. Intervention: Transvaginal local injection of absolute ethanol (AE) into the hyperechoic ring (lacunar space) around the gestational sac under ultrasound guidance. Measurements and Main Results: Serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) was measured at frequent intervals, and ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging was used to observe the gestational sac. In 9 patients, the serum β-hCG level was effectively reduced with a single AE injection at 2 hours. In the remaining 10 patients, the level decreased but then increased in 4 and slowly decreased in the other 6; all of these 10 patients required 2 to 5 repeat AE injections. In all patients, serum β-hCG level was reduced by 50% within 3 days and decreased to <10% of the initial level within 14 days. In 18 patients (95%), the level was decreased to 1.0 mIU/mL within 40 days. Seven patients were treated on an outpatient basis. Twelve patients received no anesthesia. Five patients subsequently became pregnant, and each had a live birth. There was no recurrent CP or CSP. The procedure was successful in all 19 patients. Conclusion: This procedure is an effective treatment for CP or CSP that could be used in place of conventional surgical interventions and medical treatment using MTX.
Osada, H., Teramoto, S., Kaijima, H., Segawa, T., Miyauchi, O., Nagaishi, M., … Gomel, V. (2019). A Novel Treatment for Cervical and Cesarean Section Scar Pregnancies by Transvaginal Injection of Absolute Ethanol to Trophoblasts: Efficacy in 19 Cases. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, 26(1), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2018.04.021