δ-L-(α-Aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase: the order of peptide bond formation and timing of the epimerisation reaction

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Abstract

δ-L(α-Aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) synthetase catalyses the formation of the common precursor tripeptide of both the penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics from the l-enantiomers of its constituent amino acids. Replacement of cysteine with l-O-methylserine in preparative-scale incubations led to the isolation of both t.-O-methylserinyl-L-valine and l-O-methylserinyl-D-valine dipeptides. The dipeptides were characterized with the aid of authentic synthetic standards by both 1H NMR and electrospray ionization MS. A revised mechanism for ACV biosynthesis involving formation of the cysteinyl-valine peptide bond before the epimerisation of valine and subsequent condensation with the δ-carboxyl of L-α-aminoadipate is therefore proposed. © 1995.

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Shiau, C. Y., Baldwin, J. E., Byford, M. F., Sobey, W. J., & Schofield, C. J. (1995). δ-L-(α-Aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase: the order of peptide bond formation and timing of the epimerisation reaction. FEBS Letters, 358(1), 97–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(94)01320-Z

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