Background: Vascular endothelial function has recently been recognized as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. However, studies investigating its association with atrial fibrillation (AF) are lacking. This study aimed to examine association with AF recurrence and vascular endothelial function as assessed using natural logarithmic transformation of reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry index (LnRHI). Methods: Ninety-nine consecutive AF patients who underwent catheter ablation (CA) at Shinshu University Hospital between September 2015 and April 2017 were enrolled. LnRHI was measured 48 to 72 h before CA using the EndoPAT system. The primary outcome was AF recurrence beyond 3 months post-ablation. Results: A total of 30 (30.3%) patients experienced AF recurrence after CA over a median follow-up period of 210 days (range: 93–764 days). Female sex and low LnRHI were significantly associated with AF recurrence. In multivariate analysis, LnRHI was an independent predictor of AF recurrence (hazard ratio: 0.087, 95% confidence interval 0.015–0.51, p = 0.007). In comparison in Kaplan-Meier analysis of high LnRHI (LnRHI ≥0.52, n = 52) and low LnRHI (LnRHI ≪0.52, n = 47) groups, AF recurrence rate was significantly higher in the low LnRHI group (log-rank test, p = 0.043). A negative correlation was observed between LnRHI and AF duration, whereby LnRHI was significantly decreased when the duration of AF events exceeded 1 year. Conclusion: Decreased LnRHI was associated with AF recurrence after CA and prolonged AF duration.
Kobayashi, H., Okada, A., Tabata, H., Shoin, W., Okano, T., Yoshie, K., … Kuwahara, K. (2019). Association between reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry index and atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation. IJC Heart and Vasculature, 24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcha.2019.100385