The horizontal optokinetic reflex of the opossum (Didelphis marsupialis aurita): Physiological and anatomical studies in normal and early monoenucleated specimens

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Abstract

In the opossum the symmetrical binocular horizontal optokinetic nystagmus gives way to an asymmetrical monocular reflex: the nasotemporal (NT) stimulation yielding lower gain than the temporonasal (TN). In adults, monocularly enucleated at postnatal days 21-25 (pnd21-25), the gain of NT responses is markedly increased, approaching that of TN. Severe cell loss was detected in the nucleus of the optic tract (NOT) on the deafferented side in early monoenucleated specimens. In normal animals retinal afferents to the NOT are all crossed, while in animals enucleated at pnd21-25 sparse uncrossed retinal elements were observed. Although this abnormal projection might influence the increased NT response in this subgroup, it is argued that the increased symmetry in monoenucleated opossums may be the result of changes mediated by the commissural connection between both NOTs.

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APA

Nasi, J. P., Volchan, E., Tecles, M. T., Bernardes, R. F., & Rocha-Miranda, C. E. (1997). The horizontal optokinetic reflex of the opossum (Didelphis marsupialis aurita): Physiological and anatomical studies in normal and early monoenucleated specimens. Vision Research, 37(9), 1207–1216. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-6989(96)00137-X

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