The aim of this study was to use in vitro and in vivo models to assess the impact of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from two different bacterial species on blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity and brain uptake of colistin. Following repeated administration of LPS from Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the brain-to-plasma ratio of [14C]sucrose in Swiss outbred mice was not significantly increased. Furthermore, while the brain uptake of colistin in mice increased 3-fold following administration of LPS from Salmonella enterica, LPS from P. aeruginosa had no significant effect on colistin brain uptake. This apparent species-dependent effect did not appear to correlate with differences in plasma cytokine levels, as the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-6 following administration of each LPS were not different (P>0.05). To clarify whether this species-specific effect of LPS was due to direct effects on the BBB, human brain capillary endothelial (hCMEC/D3) cells were treated with LPS from P. aeruginosa or S. enterica and claudin-5 expression was measured by Western blotting. S. enterica LPS significantly (P < 0.05) reduced claudin-5 expression at a concentration of 7.5 μg/ml. In contrast, P. aeruginosa LPS decreased (P<0.05) claudin-5 expression only at the highest concentration tested (i.e., 30 μg/ml). Coadministration of therapeutic concentrations of colistin ameliorated the S. enterica LPS-induced reduction in claudin-5 expression in hCMEC/D3 cells and the perturbation in BBB function in mice. This study demonstrates that BBB disruption induced by LPS is species dependent, at least between P. aeruginosa and S. enterica, and can be ameliorated by colistin. Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
Jin, L., Nation, R. L., Li, J., & Nicolazzo, J. A. (2013). Species-dependent blood-brain barrier disruption of lipopolysaccharide: Amelioration by colistin in vitro and in vivo. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 57(9), 4336–4342. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00765-13