Estimating the risk of parvovirus B19 infection in blood donors and pregnant women in Japan

10Citations
Citations of this article
19Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Background: Seroepidemiological study of parvovirus B19 has not taken place for some 20 years in Japan. To estimate the risk of parvovirus B19 infection in Japan among blood donors and pregnant women in this century, a seroepidemiological survey and statistical modeling of the force of infection were conducted. Methodology/Principal Findings: The time- and age-specific seroprevalence data were suggestive of strong age-dependency in the risk of infection. Employing a piecewise constant model, the highest forces of infection of 0.05 and 0.12 per year were observed among those aged 0-4 and 5-9 years, respectively, while estimates among older individuals were less than 0.01 per year. Analyzing the antigen detection data among blood donors, the age-specific proportion positive was highest among those aged 30-39 years, agreeing with the presence of dip in seroprevalence in this age-group. Among pregnant women, up to 107 fetal deaths and 21 hydrops fetalis were estimated to have occurred annually across Japan. Conclusions: Seroepidemiological profiles of PVB19 infection in Japan was characterized with particular emphasis on the risk of infection in blood donors and the burden of infection among pregnant women. When a vaccine becomes available in the future, a similar seroepidemiological study is expected to play a key role in planning the appropriate immunization policy. © 2014 Nabae et al.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Nabae, K., Satoh, H., Nishiura, H., Tanaka-Taya, K., Okabe, N., Oishi, K., … Hasegawa, T. (2014). Estimating the risk of parvovirus B19 infection in blood donors and pregnant women in Japan. PLoS ONE, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092519

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free