Background: Although previous studies reported an association between serum vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) with carotid atherosclerosis or arterial stiffness, these were inconsistent. We examined the independent association between serum vitamin D and PTH with multiple subclinical markers of atherosclerosis. Methods: A total of 8,217 subjects who participated in the Dong-gu Study in Korea were included in the final analysis. The carotid artery structure, including intima-media thickness (IMT), plaques, and luminal diameter, was evaluated using a high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was determined using an automatic waveform analysis device, and the mean of the left and right baPWV was used. Results: The PTH concentration was positively associated with carotid luminal diameter and baPWV, but not with carotid IMT and plaques. The mean carotid luminal diameter of individuals with PTH levels in the second, third, and fourth quartiles was significantly larger compared with those in the first quartile (P-trend < 0.01). The mean baPWV of individuals with PTH levels in the fourth quartile was significantly greater than those with PTH levels in the first quartile (P-trend = 0.01). However, there was no significant association between vitamin D and any atherosclerotic phenotypes, including carotid IMT, plaques, luminal diameter, and baPWV. Conclusion: This suggests that PTH might affect the development of atherosclerosis by altering vascular compliance.
Lee, Y. H., Kweon, S. S., Choi, J. S., Nam, H. S., Park, K. S., Choi, S. W., … Shin, M. H. (2017). Association of serum vitamin D and parathyroid hormone with subclinical atherosclerotic phenotypes: The Dong-gu Study. PLoS ONE, 12(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186421