Exposure to third-hand smoke during pregnancy may increase the risk of postpartum depression in China

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INTRODUCTION Our aim was to investigate the association between third-hand smoke exposure (THS) during pregnancy and postpartum depression (PPD) among Chinese women. METHODS A total of 973 participants that completed the questionnaire and reviews were included in this cross-sectional study. The THS exposure was assessed based on a questionnaire with key questions from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (2nd edition) while postpartum depression status was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between THS exposure during pregnancy and risk of PPD, after adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS The prevalence of postpartum depression among all participants was 17.8%. Of the 973 participants, 725 (74.5%) were exposed to THS during pregnancy while 248 (25.5%) were not. Compared with those who were never exposed to passive smoking, puerperal women who were exposed to THS were at higher risk of PPD (OR=1.71, 95% CI: 1.12–2.60) in the logistic regression model. CONCLUSIONS Our study suggests that exposure to third-hand smoke may be a risk factor for postpartum depression among Chinese women. Future preventive interventions should include strategies that target the puerperal women who are exposed to THS during pregnancy. Tobacco control measures that are effective in reducing the prevalence of smoking may have little effect in reducing women’s exposure to THS during pregnancy, especially in private places that urgently need other public health strategies.




Wang, L., Fu, K., Li, X., Kong, B., & Zhang, B. (2018). Exposure to third-hand smoke during pregnancy may increase the risk of postpartum depression in China. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 16(April). https://doi.org/10.18332/tid/87141

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