The genetic diversity among five populations (Bhadbada reservoir, Mohinisagar reservoir, Bansagar reservoir, Bargi reservoir and Gandhisagar reservoir) was revealed using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. 10 random primers screened, 5 primers revealed various banding patterns and yielded 71 total loci as an average of which 39.60 (55.77%) were polymorphic between the population and 86.84% within the population of Sperata seenghala. Population wise the highest genetic polymorphism was obtained in Bhadbada reservoir as 67.61% whereas the lowest was in Gandhisagar reservoir as 49.30%. However, Analysis of Molecular Variance indicated low genetic diversity (Hpop = 0.0921 ± 0.1249; I = 0.1584 ± 0.1942) in Bansagar reservoir. Relative genetic differentiation (GST = 0.3993) and restricted gene flow (Nm = 0.7523) as an average indicated low gene diversity among the fish populations. The un-weighted pair group method with averages (UPGMA) dendrogram showed 05 major clusters, each cluster representing a population. Fish population of Mohinisagar reservoir showed high genetic distance (0.3981) with respective Bargi reservoir population and highest genetic identity (0.8846) reflected between Bansagar and Gandhisagar reservoir. Highest genetic distance between Mohinisagar and Bargi reservoir fish populations shows no significant correlation between genetic and geographical distance of the genotypes collected from different lentic and geographical isolated water bodies. This investigation indicated that lowest genetic diversity existed in different geographic populations of S. seenghala. All the five populations were found to be low in genetic variation, which is useful information for future conservation measures of S. seenghala confined in natural water bodies of Madhya Pradesh.
Garg, R. K., Sairkar, P., Chouhan, S., Batav, N., Silawat, N., Sharma, R., … Mehrotra, N. N. (2014). Characterization of genetic variance within and among five populations of Sperata seenghala (Skyes, 1839) revealed by random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. Journal of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 12(1), 7–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgeb.2013.11.001