With the progress made in network information technology, product intelligence appear to show a trend from external intelligence to internal intelligence, from intelligent manufacturing management to intelligent life cycle management and from information processing to decision-making. This can directly leads to a gradual growth in the proportion of use value at the user consumption stage in the product value system. This paper suggests a kind of backward customization production mode oriented to the product use value, and establishes an operational framework of backward customization production mode as well as studies the key component elements of the mode.
Li, T., Guo, P., & Yang, S. (2016). Research on the Backward Customization Mode and its Operational Framework of Intelligent Product. In Procedia CIRP (Vol. 56, pp. 401–405). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.10.064